Can Rabbits Eat Bread?

Do you want to know if rabbits can eat bread?

Bread is a type of food that is made from flour, water, and usually yeast or another leavening agent. It is one of the oldest and most widely consumed foods in the world, but are they actually safe to share with our bunnies?

In this article, we will let you know if rabbits can eat bread, we will also discuss the risks of feeding bread to rabbits, signs of bread toxicity, and appropriate feeding guidelines.

Can Rabbits Eat Bread?

No, rabbits should not eat bread.

Rabbits have delicate digestive systems that are specifically designed for a high-fiber diet.

Bread is generally low in fiber and high in carbohydrates, which can lead to digestive issues and obesity in rabbits if consumed in large quantities.

Feeding rabbits bread regularly can disrupt their digestive balance and potentially cause issues like gastrointestinal stasis or an upset stomach.

The ingredients in bread, such as sugar, salt, and additives, can also be harmful to rabbits in excess.

You should prioritize a rabbit’s dietary needs and provide them with a balanced, rabbit-friendly diet.

Rabbits Dietary Needs

Rabbits have specific dietary needs, which include essential nutrients such as vitamins, minerals, and fiber.

A rabbit’s diet should primarily consist of high-quality hay, accounting for approximately 80-90% of their daily intake.

The remainder should consist of leafy greens, vegetables, and a small amount pellets of pellets specifically formulated for them.

Fresh water should always be available to your rabbits. You may need to check our previous article on how long a rabbit can go without water.

Nutritional Composition Of Bread

Bread generally contains low levels of protein, fat, fiber, and a variety of vitamins and minerals, while being high in calories and carbohydrates.

However, the nutrient composition of bread is contingent upon its particular type.

Here is how one slice of several kinds of bread compares in nutritional content (USDA FoodData Central)

White bread Whole-wheat bread Sourdough bread
Serving size 1 slice (25 grams) 1 thin slice (33 grams) 1 small slice (32 grams)
Calories 67 92 93
Total fat 1 gram 2 grams 0.6 grams
Carbs 13 grams 17 grams 18 grams
Protein 2 grams 3 grams 4 grams
Fiber 0.6 grams 2 grams 1 gram
Thiamine 8% of the RDI 7% of the RDI 9% of the RDI
Folate 7% of the RDI 5% of the RDI 12% of the RDI
Sodium 7% of the RDI 5% of the RDI 9% of the RDI
Manganese 6% of the RDI 31% of the RDI 8% of the RDI
Selenium 6% of the RDI 18% of the RDI 12% of the RDI
Riboflavin 5% of the RDI 4% of the RDI 5% of the RDI
Niacin 5% of the RDI 7% of the RDI 8% of the RDI
Iron 5% of the RDI 6% of the RDI 6% of the RDI

Risks Of Feeding Bread To Rabbits

Although bread is not immediately toxic, it can pose several health risks to rabbits, including:

1. Digestive Problems

Rabbits have a sensitive and complex digestive system that relies on a diet high in fiber, primarily from hay and grass.

Bread, being a processed food, is low in fiber and can cause digestive issues such as bloating, constipation, and even gastrointestinal stasis, a potentially fatal condition in rabbits.

2. Nutritional Imbalance

Bread is high in carbohydrates and low in essential nutrients that rabbits need, such as fiber, vitamins, and minerals.

Regular consumption of bread can lead to a nutritional imbalance and obesity in rabbits.

3. Choking Hazard

Bread, especially when it’s soft or sticky, can pose a choking hazard.

Rabbits don’t have the ability to vomit, so if a piece of bread gets lodged in their throat, it can be a serious and immediate threat to their health.

Signs of Bread Toxicity in Rabbits

While bread doesn’t contain any ingredients that are toxic to rabbits, its consumption can lead to health issues indicative of toxicity.

Signs that your rabbit may be suffering from bread toxicity include:

  • Change in appetite or water consumption
  • Decreased fecal output or diarrhea
  • Lethargy or lack of interest in activity
  • Abdominal bloating or discomfort
  • Signs of pain, such as teeth grinding, shaking, or hunched posture

If your rabbit shows any of these symptoms after eating bread, you should seek immediate veterinary care.

Preventing Accidental Ingestion of Toxic Foods

To prevent your rabbit from accidentally ingesting potentially harmful foods, you should store all human food out of their reach.

Also educate all family members, especially children, and visitors, about the rabbit’s dietary needs and restrictions.

We had a case where visitors to our farm once threw breadcrumbs, peanuts, cheese, and other human snacks into the hutch for the rabbits.

Safe Fruits and Vegetables for Rabbits

Instead of bread, there are many fruits and vegetables that are safe and beneficial for rabbits.

These include leafy greens like romaine lettuce, kale, and spinach, as well as vegetables like bell peppers, zucchini, and broccoli.

Safe fruits for rabbits include apples (without seeds), pears, peaches, and berries, but should be given sparingly due to their high sugar content.

Feeding Guidelines for Rabbits

When offering these fruits and vegetables to your rabbit, follow these general guidelines:

  • Begin with small servings and gradually increase the amount, watch your rabbit’s reaction.
  • Feed a variety of fruits and vegetables to provide a diverse range of nutrients.
  • Offer these foods 2-3 times per week, with leafy greens being the most frequent addition to their diet.

Other Foods To Avoid

In addition to bread, there are several other foods that should be avoided in a rabbit’s diet.

These include all processed human foods, chocolate, candy, coffee, tea, alcohol, and anything high in sugar or artificial ingredients.

Certain vegetables and fruits, like onions, garlic, rhubarb, mushrooms, and avocado, are also toxic to rabbits and should be strictly avoided.


Here are some frequently asked questions.

What Happens If My Rabbit Eats Bread?

Rabbits have a sensitive and complex digestive system that requires a diet high in fiber to function properly.

What will happen can range from mild stomach upset to more severe conditions such as gastrointestinal stasis, a potentially life-threatening condition where the gut slows down or stops moving.

Can Baby Rabbits Eat Bread?

Baby rabbits, just like adults, should not eat bread.

Their diet should primarily consist of their mother’s milk and, once they are old enough (usually around weaning age, 6-8 weeks), gradually introduced to hay and then a small variety of vegetables.

How Much Bread Will Kill My Rabbit?

It’s not a specific amount of bread that may harm a rabbit but rather the disruption it can cause to their digestive system.

Even small amounts can potentially cause problems, especially if fed regularly.

Given the potential for harm and the lack of nutritional benefit, it’s best to avoid feeding bread to rabbits altogether.


Rabbits might be tempted to eat bread, but it’s not a suitable or healthy food choice for them.

The low fiber and high carbohydrate content can lead to numerous health issues, including digestive disorders and nutritional imbalance.

Instead, stick to a diet that’s high in hay, supplemented with fresh vegetables and a small amount of fruits.

We hope this article helped you know if rabbits can eat bread. If you have further questions, comment below and we will answer them.

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